Throughout history, there are many great leaders who have made a positive impact on the world and its inhabitants. These leaders include Abraham Lincoln, Winston Churchill, Ho Chi Minh, and Mao Zedong. Each leader has their own unique style and their actions have had an influence on the world.
More books have been written about Abraham Lincoln than any other American president. But there was no charisma immediately visible – Lincoln took time to warm up to his country. His popularity came from the inside out. Even his cabinet noticed something was different. They questioned his authority and were not afraid to argue. But eventually, the country came to admire and respect Lincoln.
While Lincoln’s presidency was a triumph, his life was fraught with flaws. His biggest weakness was his desire to like everyone. He wanted to give people a second chance. For instance, he resisted firing George McClellan when he saw his weaknesses. And he didn’t have enough confidence in his military strategy. In fact, he learned about military strategy from books at the Library of Congress.
While a common man, Lincoln achieved extraordinary things. He led the United States through a civil war and waged a political struggle to preserve the Union. He also created a vision of civil rights for African Americans. But his ascension to power also deprived him of a chance to oversee the reconstruction of the Union. As a result, his legacy has been that of a mythological martyr. Despite his tragic fate, many consider him to be a practical genius. His leadership has been praised, but he was also humane, tolerant, and patient.
While Lincoln once maintained that his main goal in the struggle was to save the Union, he later viewed emancipation as one of his greatest achievements. He later worked for the passage of the thirteenth Amendment, which abolished slavery. After his death in 1865, the 13th Amendment was ratified. The Union’s victory at Gettysburg and Fort Sumter in July 1863 turned the tide of the war. However, General George Meade failed to strike the decisive blow against Lee’s army, which led to the establishment of the Confederate States of America.
Ho Chi Minh
In his early years, Ho Chi Minh spent much of his time abroad, studying different political philosophies and eventually embracing socialism and communism. He studied the ways in which these political philosophies worked and saw them first-hand in the governments of Lenin’s Bolshevik-controlled Soviet Union and Mao Zedong’s China.
Known by many names, Ho Chi Minh was a Vietnamese revolutionary. He was born Nguyen Sinh Cung in central Vietnam, when it was ruled by French colonial forces. He was expelled from a high school in Hue when he was seventeen because of his opposition to the French influence in Indochina. Later, he became a cook on a French steamer and traveled to Europe, Africa, and the United States.
In Paris in 1919, Ho Chi Minh organized a group of Vietnamese immigrants who petitioned delegates to the Versailles Peace Conference. They demanded that the delegates grant equal rights to all of their subjects in Indochina. In 1967, the United States sent Ho Chi Minh a personal message requesting him to negotiate with North Vietnam. He replied, saying that he would never negotiate under the threat of bombing.
Ho was also a great intellectual and connected deeply with his people. He understood that a revolutionary cause must be the cause of the people. The power of the people is invincible. Therefore, he took the people as his root and made a revolution in his country.
Ho Chi Minh is one of the greatest communist leaders of all time. He established the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and named himself its chairman. However, he failed to reach peace with France and the French Union. By the end of 1946, war had become inevitable. The First Indochina War lasted for eight years before being ended in 1954 by Vietnamese victory at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu.
Mao Zedong was born in the Chinese province of Hunan. He attended the Changsha Normal School and later went on to study at the famous Peking University, China’s leading intellectual centre. In the 1920s, he was a librarian’s assistant, and he was influenced by Chinese philosophers Li Dazhao and Chen Duxiu. During his time at school, Mao helped to found several student organizations. Most notably, he founded the New People’s Study Society, which had many members later join the Communist Party.
While Mao Zedong was a great leader during the communist revolution, his legacy is a mixed one. His time in power saw China transition from a feudal warlord state to a socialist nation owned by the proletariat. While his policies were largely successful in improving conditions for the peasantry, they were accompanied by failures and mistakes. For example, his attempts to improve agricultural production were a disaster, leading to widespread famine. The result was the death of 25 to 35 million people.
Mao Zedong was the leader of the Chinese revolution and led China through a profound social transformation. He liberated peasants from landlords and reformed China’s oppressive marriage laws. While his methods were controversial, they led to a lasting change in the country and transformed China into a modernized country.
In September 1920, Mao was named principal of Lin Changsha Primary School. Soon afterward, he organized the Socialist Youth League and married Yang Kaihui. In July 1921, Mao attended the first congress of the Chinese Communist Party and the Comintern (Communist International) in Moscow. He joined the Nationalist Party in 1923.
One of the most famous people from South Africa, Nelson Mandela, spent 27 years in a prison. He spent most of his time on Robben Island. His cell was only 8 feet by 8 feet, but he managed to survive, breaking rocks with a small hammer. His imprisonment helped unite South Africa during apartheid and symbolised the commitment to democracy in Africa.
In the late 1950s, Mandela became influenced by Marxism and joined the banned South African Communist Party. This political party was formed in a bid to end the oppression of black people. He went on to lead protests against the forced relocation of black people in Sophiatown and founded the militant Umkhonto we Sizwe. Mandela believed that violence was needed to end the oppression of blacks and white minority rule.
Nelson Mandela was born in a small village called Mvezi in the Transkei region of South Africa. His parents were members of the Tembu tribe. They spoke the xhosa language, which is one of the bantu languages. He began his education at the University of Fort Hare, but was expelled after leading a student protest. He later went to the University of Witwatersand to study law.
Mandela’s imprisonment reinforced his sense of duty and enhanced his negotiating skills. He used his political position to make difficult decisions with his opponents and captors. Even after his release, Mandela’s legendary status gave him moral authority to stand up for what he believed in.
After Mandela was released from prison in 1990, he dedicated his life to emancipation of black people. In 1991, he suspended the ANC’s armed wing. He then met the South African president, FW de Klerk, and agreed that a compromise was needed to avoid civil war. CODESA was then formed to set up a new government.